Which Is the Oldest Nation On Earth?

Only 45 of today’s nations were independent before the 20th century. And only one nation can trace its independence back to before the time of Christ.

Ethiopia, the East African nation formerly known as Abyssinia, has been an independent nation since at least the eleventh century B.C. The rulers of Ethiopia have claimed descent from the biblical King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, who, according to legend, was actually the ruler of Ethiopia.

And some historians claim that Ethiopia has existed as an independent nation since around the year 3000 B.C. That would make Ethiopia more than 4,900 years old!

Comments

  1. boudi says

    Cedars(tree) of Lebanon, wine of Lebanon & Lebanon is mentioned in the bible even Lebanese cities like SIDON & TYRE are mentioned in the bible as well besides Byblos which is a lebanese city is a world heritage and according to UNESCO it is the oldest continously inhabitat city in the world since 5000 to 6000 B.C which makes it a 7000 or 8000 year old city which by substitution makes LEBANON the oldest nation in the world and it always been called LEBANON and still called LEBANON and u can make internet search about LEBANON and u’ll get thousands of results

    Cheers from LEBANON ;)

  2. Anonymous says

    Boudi – Just because there were references to products coming from the same region where modern day Lebanon is located does not make it the oldest country on earth. The operative issue here is the idea of nationality. Of course people existed in Lebanon (and many other places) for many thousands of years. But that is not the question: the question is what it the oldest COUNTRY, not civilization. Lebanon became a COUNTRY in 1943, so no where near the oldest. Oldest countries are Ethiopia, Armenia, Denmark….

  3. Sector7 says

    It is Armenia. Armenia once included Mount Ararat, which biblical tradition identifies as the mountain that Noah’s ark rested on after the flood. It was the first country in the world to officially embrace Christianity as its religion (c. 300).

  4. TomJohnson says

    Well that is a great question. In my opinion it would have to be either Armenia or Egypt.

  5. Anonymous says

    oh no it is definitely NOT Lebanon.. Ill say either Armenia or Ethiopia..

  6. BeSmartprOduction(c) says

    no it’s definetly Israek it’s the oldest country i’d say from my own opinion, because it has been said in the bible from even 2000 years ago! So not to be judging but it’s in my opinion and think that this is a fact!

  7. Anonymous says

    Good question. This is my list..
    1) Armenia
    2)Ethiopia
    3)Japan
    4)China
    5)Denmark

  8. Chester Charles says

    I was born in Costa Rica, I was a child the year my aunt travel to Costa Rica with this hard cover book, what I do remember is the title of the book: Ethiopia the oldest Nation, I’ve been trying to locate this book for sometime now, with no succss

  9. karap says

    According to the information under our hand is Armenia and this isn’t hard to believe.
    Also Bible repeats this after all historians.

  10. karap says

    The first one is correct, but the secont India should be and 5th not Denmark at all

  11. Nav says

    Actually in all truth INDIA has the most ancient civilization known to earth. India was the cradle of civilization, Hinduism goes back before pre historic times, The Hindu Vedas are the most ancient scriptures known to man kind. Sanskrit was the first language spoken on earth which is the ancient language of Hinduism. They just found a bridge in south India that was build during the Epic RAMAYANA and this bridge was build by the 7th re incarnation of Lord Vishnu Lord Rama this bridge is dated back at 1.7 million years ago During the Treta Yuga. Science and Religious wise has proved time and time again India is the cradle of civlization and goes back the furthest than any other country on earth.

  12. DaNiel says

    Ethiopia it is, the oldest nation and the seconded oldest Christian nation. Armenia is the oldest Christian nation.

  13. commando says

    The Indian civilisation is indeed very old but the bridge dating back 1,7 million years is a grossly exagerated. This effectively means that it was not built by humanoids, because they did not exist then.The only builder who was around was australopithecus who was partly ape and man.

  14. Niku says

    To all of you who dont know denmark is the oldest nation since 938AD never to been broken up in Civilwars and Christian wars and no Armania isnt the oldest as it was part of the German new teuntonic lordsmanship and such not a chance Japan, china or India all have been broken into pieces in Japans case Shoguns, China was divided into 4 big lordsmanships etc. not somuch into indian history but im sorry to say denmark is the oldest present Nation in the world.

  15. Leon says

    I also agree that Armenia is the oldest nation on earth. Not only is it the likely homeland of Indo-European language and culture, more and more archeological and anthropological finds are being made everyday to support its role as the cradle of all civilization. Plus, I don’t think it’s a coincidence that the Bible says that Noah’s Ark landed in the mountains of Armenia, which is an allegorical clue Armenia’s historical importance as a starting (restarting) point.

  16. Hamed says

    Hi, if you are talking about nations then it is definitely sumerian. armenia and ethiopia could be oldest Christian nations but they surely not the oldest nations.

    1- Sumerian / Akkadian / Babylonian / (Mesopotamian) (present Iraq)
    2- Egypt
    3- Persia / China / India
    4- (Canaan) which was between Palestine, lebanon and syria in present
    5- Ancient Rome / Greek
    6- (Assyrian) between (Iraq & Iran Now)

    and if you are talking about oldest country then it would be different, it should be Iraq but is not because it has been ruled by many others.

    1- Egypt because it was called egypt since that time (3200-3500BC) until now
    2- Persia (3200-3300 BC) some says, it is the oldest country but it is not. persia changed to Iran now.

    but what I think country is defined as the longest civilization in an area. Tigris-Euphrates valley is started point for a civilization which sumer has ruled that place and it was the first ruling system in the world and they have invented a lot of things. they had the first music instruments like tars and they’ve invented wheels and they had the first empire system. so this place is now in IRAQ and some parts of it in Turkey and Iran now.

  17. Hay says

    I am Armenian and I know my history well
    just some time ago there was found that Armenia is definitely older than 6000 years and as there are no certain info befor this data about other countries, Armeina remains the oldest.

  18. Sam says

    hi there
    try to read first it is about which country exist without been colonised
    and that is Ethiopia the country defends it´s tritory since over 3000 years
    Armenia was under USSR and it has it´s Independence Day, 21 September (1991)
    that is the fact.

  19. eslam says

    yesb it is egypt in which aking called mina or narmer united the 2 main areas northern and southern ones to be the first country in the world 3200 BC having the same name till now Egypt.

  20. John Stewert says

    Armenia has to be the oldest continuous nation in the world. They existed for a long time.. There was a point in time where they were almost extinct but recovered.. they seem to never die off.. strong race..great Warriors and a great people.. haha.. btw Oldest winery and shoe was found there..

  21. rama says

    1-iran(persia) —-3200 b.c (elamite Civilization is oldest Civilization in the world)
    2-egypt —-3100 b.c
    3-vietnam —-2879 b.c
    4-korea(n-s) —-2333 b.c
    5-japan —-660 b.c
    6-china —-221 b.c
    7-armenia —-190 b.c (armenia is oldest christian nation not oldest country)
    8-ethiopia —-50 a.c
    9-san marino —-301 a.c
    10-bulgaria —-671 a.c
    11-oman —-751 a.c
    12-vatican city —-756 a.c
    13-cambodia —-801 a.c
    14-france-england —-643 a.c

  22. Stewart says

    please put any sort of prejudice aside and let’s talk scientifically and according to what the facts and evidence tell us. I dont know why everybody tries to just mention his or her own country top on the list? nothing can and is ever able to distort the history. here is the list i complied which concurs with majority (I said majority not all cuz nothing is ever axiomatic or far off doubts) of the sources

    1. Iran (Formerly called Persia) (3200 BC)
    2. Egypt (3100BC)
    3. Vietnam (2880BC)
    4. N. & S. Korea (2333BC)
    5. Japan (660BC)
    6. Armenia (190BC)( though some sources attribue its existence to Persia or Iran)

    If anybody seeks some sources or any kind of reference for more probing into the issue, s/he can contact me via my Email: Bermuda99000@yahoo.com

  23. Gnet says

    The native Armenian name for the country is Hayk. The name in the Middle Ages was extended to Hayastan by addition of the Iranian suffix -stan, meaning Haykland. The name was traditionally derived from Hayk, the legendary patriarch of the Armenians and a great-great-grandson of Noah.

    Armenia is definitely the oldest nation and the oldest Christian nation.

    Don’t you guys see. Armenia was the start of the human race and the start of Gods word.

  24. Sabrina says

    I can say that the oldest christian church in the world is situated in the village Kish, near the city of Sheki, in Azerbaijan.

  25. SAM8 says

    K just to let u guys know just because it is mentioned in the bible doesnt mean it is a country, like egypt. Sure it is mentioned frequent times but it was colonizes occasionally by greece, the romans and muslims so it has to be ethiopia, it was never colonized for 3000 years while armenia only became a country 20 yers ago!

  26. SAM3 says

    kk most of u guys are wrong. It asks for the oldest INDEPENT COUNTRY. It cant be armenia cuse it seperated with russia 20 yers ago, it cant be isreal cuse it wasnt a unified nation until 1948, it cant be egypt cuse it was conquered by many nations. Ethiopia was never conquererd by any nation and it is the oldest nation in africa so it has to be ethiopia, plus to prove it the arc of the covenet is in it right now too

  27. jhsdfugsf says

    Armenia is the oldest nation that still exists. Armenians were the first people of Europe, they basically started the European countries as people from Armenia migrated to Europe.

  28. Gnet says

    Azerbaijan? Oh right. It’s next to Armenia right? Yea, the churches in Azerbaijan are all Armenian Churches. Armenia lived in the lands where Azerbaijan is right now for thousands of years before Turkish tribes came and wiped them out. So all the Churches and Monasteries you see in both Turkey and Azerbaijan are Armenian Churches.

  29. Steven says

    Mesopotamia = Sumerians, Assyrians/Babylonians… to the fool above that didn’t know that. They are the cradle of civilization.

    Also, Assyrians were the first Christian people. The Armenians were the first people to declare Christianity over their entire nation, making it first Christian nation. Hence, Assyrians/Armenians are sister cultures. However, Assyrians speak Aramaic, and Armenians do not! The Bible, Torah, and Quran mention the three most important people of God: Egyptians; Assyrians; Israelites. So long as people keep these religious texts alive, these Semites will forever live on their ancient history of the Holy Land!

  30. sam says

    assaryins no longer exist, and they were nevr chrstians, in fact they were more realted to turkey and syria than armenia

  31. Ben Joe says

    Armenia is the oldest nation, no doubt about it. People that are saying “Armenia separated from the Soviet Union 20 years ago” which has nothing to do with the Armenian Nation. Armenia existed thousands of years ago, later joining the Soviet Union.

    The oldest map was found in Babylon with four countries listed on the map, one of which was Armenia. The other three countries do not exist today.

    Also “Armenians” themselves are the oldest people on this planet. People from Europe migrated from Armenia into. Fact.

  32. Farah says

    Assyrians do exist still. They are related to the Chaldean people, and before you say it, yes, Chaldeans exist since I am Chaldean.

    Secondly, Mesopotamia (now present-day Iraq) was the first civilization according to all History books, teachers, etc. It began with a select few that had the wealth of the area who controlled most of the land. The rest of the population consisted of free people who had rights and slaves who did not have rights. It was not very self-sufficient, meaning the society couldn’t stand on its own since you had to travel to other places to get the necessities, such as food and water, etc. but still, they were named the first. Almost simultaneously, the Egyptians formed their society as well.

  33. sarah says

    Armenia is the current name for mesopotamia, lebanon, egypt as the armenians were in egypt before and some say the egyptians were armenians, iran, india are all migrations. Sumerians are armenians and this is where it is found i believe. Armenians were a combination and had all genes that are found in the surrounding countries. they spread out and multiplied. Today they call themselves by there physical difference. The turks however are new and came from the mountains to kill everyone. as they say jesus and john the baptist were armenians. all this area before the new countries came was byzantine and mesopotamia. There had to have been some seperation, intrusion and breeding for new countries to form. thats what war is when theres a powerfull nation on earth. there invaded and tried to be claimed as there own in hope as the new generations are born they will believe the new information, there was only three nations from the oldest map in the world that i came accross a while ago. basically (whites) which where armenians or byzantine. japanese and chinese nations, and libya, everything else is from interbreeding. at th end of the day, armenians can be black or white, as well as cave drawings of writing from the armenians also which they claim were written from angels, date back more than 50,000 b.c.. they were a advanced race and very modern, according to sumerian artifacts there are drawings of rockets and so forth, this is a race that may have already reached todays day n age in technology and its just a matter of digging very deep to find it,

  34. benji says

    i am going to be honest. for those who think armenia is the oldest christian country let alone oldest country in the world….. READ THE TITLE FIRST!!! it says oldest INDEPENDANT COUNTRY. if a country was colonized or joined another counrry or nation. It doesnt count as an independant country. Ethiopia was never colonized by any country, its kingdom came from all the way from 1000 b.c. Sure there are other countries older than that but i bet they were ruled or colonized. And if u dont believe me on this. The Romans occupied what is now known as ARMENIA. wow im getting pissed at people who are too stubborn to realize dis :/

  35. Amy Hawkins says

    Omgoodness! The question again please…the oldest nation!?! Not nation that was captured, seized, colonized, or other…the oldest nation. Nation meaning independent country. Not oldest civilization, not oldest christian or muslim or religious anything. The question was?…Yes, what is the oldest nation?! Good grief Charlie Brown! Aiiii!

  36. Steven says

    Either you’re one of those that are reputedly envious of the ancient Mesopotamians (Sumerians, Assyrians/Babylonians), or you’re truly ignorant and lost all credibility.

    Assyrians still exist, just at a dismal percentage. The Assyrians in Middle East are very few, with them thriving in Lebanon, northern Iraq, cities in Armenia, and cities in Syria. Majority today live in Chicago, San Diego, USA, or Sweden, Germany, and Brazil.

    In fact, most Assyrian-Americans today, are translators/interrogators for US govt. In addition, the CIA used an Assyrian-American to successfully interrogate Saddam Hussein.

    Egypt is without a doubt the oldest surviving nation.

  37. david says

    @steven. im sorry but i have to say he is right. Assyrians empire does not exist any more if u did not read ur history. If u r sayin they exist, then you are especially wrong. Their decendants does not count. Instead the decendants would count as arabians or chaldeons decenedant and it also asks for the oldest indepent counrty. 1. Assyruia was NEVER a counrty 2. It wasnt independant for even 200 yers. It got conquered by babylon, persia, greece, romans and muslims several times. i am neurtal but the oldest independant state would be either ethiopia or china, judged on the years of independance

  38. Dele says

    If Armania and Ethopia are the oldest nation man kind existed. Then the isreal will know now is not the real Isreal the Bible spoke of. It is either Ethiopia or Amania.

  39. Rachel says

    well ben joe, if armenia joined the soviet union, then it doesnt count as an indpendant nation sorry

  40. Tamitu Solomon says

    I am Ethiopian . I wonder why such question? Does it matter which country could be oldest?
    Answer : From Northern Ethiopia all the way Egypt to Greek, Israel as one not as independent countries as it now.

  41. anon says

    I wouldn’t have guessed Ethiopia before reading the article id likely have said India, as the question is the oldest surviving country. I am interested to learn more about Armenian and Ethiopian history now, Abyssinia is a much more beautiful name than Ethiopia.

  42. yohannes says

    I am an Ethiopian and here is my take:
    Ethiopia has maintained its independence for at least 3 to 5 thousand years. The ancient Egyptians called us Kush and the Greeks called us Ethiopia. The Greek poet Homer, even testified in his epic story Iliad (do your research online) written 9th century BC about how Zeus and other Gods went to Ethiopia each year to a twelve-day feast among the “BLAMLESS ETHIOPIANS”. Furthermore, another Greek historian whom we all know, Herodotus, described the Ethiopians of his day as “the tallest and handsomest and longest-lived men.” The question begging for an answer is why a famous Greek poet and philosopher of the ancient world, bother to write far away about a Negro race when they could have commented about people right underneath their nose. Unfortunately, there was no Germany, France, and Spain etc.. to fill a story.
    According to all historical/scientific indications, 5 thousand or more years before Christ, there flourished a highly advanced Black Empire in the general areas of what is know regarded as Egypt/Sudan/Ethiopia. Eventually the empire split and the upper part became EGYPT, the lower became ETHIOPIA. If you look at today’s Egyptian blacks they have a strong similarity to their brothers in Sudan and Ethiopia. Meanwhile, it is impossible to differentiate the people of northern predominantly ISLAMIC Sudan against their Ethiopian brothers to the East who are staunch CHRISTIANS with I must admit a 10% Muslim inhabitants. The light skin Egyptians of today are a true definition of Mulatto in the USA, as they are a result of centuries of heavy inter mingling of Original BLACK RACE with Turks/Europeans/Arabs etc…Although in the old days Egypt sent plenty of army to conquer and subjugate Ethiopia, unfortunately all of her efforts remained futile, as it failed to overcome the fierce fighters of Ethiopia. However around early 700 BC, Ethiopia managed to concur the entire EGYPT and ruled it for over 100 years I believe either it was the 23rd and 25th dynasty (please verify). Ethiopia since its inception, has never, I , insist never, compromised its independence. In Fact, after Europeans at will decided to scramble or divide Africa during the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, Italy in 1889 armed with modern weapon tried to invade Ethiopia in hopes of adding her into her growing Empire. Little did the Italians new of who we Ethiopians were. Sure enough the aggressor, Italy, was routed and defeated with great humility. It marked the first time a modern European country whereby was defeated by a poorly armed, rather backward black people. It sent a shockwave through out the white dominated EUROPE. In the wake of the defeat, in Italy, Prime minister Francesco Crispi’s government was forced to resign. Infact this was the most humiliating defeat it marked the beginning of the end of colonialism in the world. Ethiopia became the llightning rod to freedom seekers in Africa and elsewhere in the world including to slaves in North/South America and the caribeans. Unfortunately, unlike Ethiopia, the entire African nations who were in bondage had to wait additional 60 years before they acquired their true independence this includes Egypt and Sudan immediate neighbors of Ethiopia.
    The bottom-line is my beloved Ethiopia, the cradle of humanity, whose majority of population is a strict adherent of the Ethiopian Coptic Christian has managed through the divine of God to maintain its continuous existence, unconquered using the name Ethiopia for over 3000 years by fiercely defending its boundaries unlike any other NATION IN THE WORLD.

  43. BAA says

    Syria is the oldest country in the world the first ever church is in syria the first olvie tree was in syria that what i think

  44. omar says

    This is the right answer :

    Egypt (North-Sudan included) ( 3150-3500 B.C)
    India (3000 B.C)
    Ethiopia (Eritrea included)( 2500-3000 B.C)
    China ( 2000 B.C)
    San Marino (301 AD)
    France (486 AD)
    Bulgaria (632 AD)
    Japan ( 650 AD)
    Scotland (843 AD)
    Turkey (900 AD)
    England (927 AD)
    Denmark (950 AD)
    Portugal (1143 AD)
    Andorra (1278 AD)
    Switzerland (1291 AD)

  45. Mentor says

    No Omar, it’s not right answer because you forgot an old country. This is Albania. Read and learn for this country please

  46. Vasos says

    Cyprus may also be one of the anciest countries in the world, as history says that civilization in Cyprus excist since 10.000 B.C.

  47. dawson says

    Oldest continue nation, not country are pauans in papua new guinea, as they are
    there over 55 thousand years and still around, long before modern man show up in europe.
    Egypt come to existence in 1922,after few thousnad years occupation, but they are now
    different people there.Like ethiopia which have different people and even race from ancient
    one,becouse of settlement in middle ages.Longest continue is china,about 4000 years,
    thought few times under occupation which dont change china nation.

  48. JVElEven says

    If one says the nation that was founded earliest, then this is correct.

    But if one (as I) count from the date they got their most recent independence, the oldest nation in the world is San Marino.

    I know it’s a bt unfair to Ethiopia, since they only had 6 years of subjugation from ’36 to ’42, but with Iran, Egypt, Armenia etc. it was for hundreds of years.

  49. Penny says

    Armenia, Armenia, Armenia.. Its said and done.. Armenia is the oldest nation that is still alive today. End of Discussion.

  50. lili says

    it is only the begginging, u armanians are so arrogant and always brag about ur country

  51. Tom Toskner says

    lili no one is bragging. If Armenia is the oldest country in the world, how is that bragging? Is it their fault their country is old?

  52. lili says

    the fact is, they are old, but it asks for the oldest independant country, which it is not for some people who dont understand, it means ever since to date, they had to be independant. many people pointed out facts that for example armenia was joined with the soviet union only twenty years ago. if it was then it is no longer considered independant even if it has a long and rich history. this is why i said they are bragging. i apologize for commenting like this but the facts are there and many people refuse to accept it, which is why i think ethiopia is the oldest INDEPENDANT country

  53. Zic says

    If d question states d oldest nation or people,it would be armenia. but if its d oldest independent country, its gonna b ethopia 4sure!

  54. Charlie says

    Ethiopia? How can Ethiopia be the oldest nation? The people there still live in villages. Armenia is the oldest in my opinion. They are the first Europeans, and the first Indo European people. I’m going with Armenia on this one.

  55. howard mctaggart says

    I must conclude that as a bible believing christian and taking the genesis flood as fact that the cradle of the worlds civilization can originate from only one region and that would modern day Armenia that is the region where mount Ararat is located and it is from there that all of the races descended from Shem Japheth and Ham it doesn’t matter what race you are your heritage goes down to one of those three men and who’s father is Noah and the first Nation established must be where the Ark settled and that would be Armenia, remote possibility could be Iran, in case Noah and his family decided that the region in Ararat was too inhospitable and they may have migrated southward and that would be Iran.

  56. STEVE says

    The most ancient nations of the World lived in Mesopotomia. Egyptians, ethiopians. Also India is one of the ancient nations. Armenians are ancient. But where Armenia situated now is not the historical lands of armenians. They lived in the territory of Iran Iraq and some other middle east countries.They massively moved to north time by time. This process continued even Russian Empire. Armenian families have been settled between Turkey and Azerbaijan to separate to turkish speaking and muslim countries. Azerbaijan is also an ancient country where people believed zaradostianism before christianity and islam. The terretory of Azerbaijan mainly settled by persian speaking and caucasian tribes before turkish tribes. Most Churches in Azerbaijan are ancient Alban churches. They differ than armenian churches.

  57. Slo says

    @charlie, how could you say something so ignorant and stupid? what does ethiopian people “still living in villages” have anything to do with them being the oldest independant country. armenians maybe the first Europeans but have you heard of someone called “dinkinesh lucy” try googleing it up and see what she is…

  58. Atoria says

    All – Assyrians do exits because I’m assyrian. We are the first nation on this planet. True, we don’t have a country today. But we did before – Mesopotomia. People need to read more history,

  59. EdgarGrey says

    Definitely Armenia is one of the oldest, if not the oldest nation in the world. Aratta, Urartu, Ararat which is considered as the oldest civilization in many ancient historical texts are the names of the same land in different languages. Just like Georgia is called Somkheti by natives, and Vrastan, Gruzia, etc. by neighbouring countries.

    The guy who is talking about Azerbaijan just shut up. Azeribadjag whatever are Iranian tribal people, who are until now undecided whether they are Albanian, Iranian, or Turks. Your country was created by Soviet Union. Before 19th century there were no Azerbaijan mentioned anywhere in the world. Look Roman, Greek Maps made BCE you’ll see Armenia’s teritory. Don’t be stupid )))

  60. Haso12345678 says

    I believe its Armenia for many reasons. It wouldn’t be the Sumerians because there is a lot proof about Armenia being around before 3000B.C. For example , the leather shoe found in a Armenian cave. (No Otize’s shoe was not the most oldest shoe ever.) The leather shoe is 5,500 year old shoe. There is your proof. Not enough you can always check the internet ( and yes its true don’t trust the internet ) then check ancient books. Plus the bible always mentions Aratat Mountain ( Aratat Mountain was sometimes spoken/writtne as Armneia)
    Who agrees?

  61. anna guru says

    hey u guldu (INTERESTED) guys… as a PHD holder from the university of US… i accept u all with some ambiguity but the real truth is the INDIA (the official historical and the modern name is BHARATHA) is the oldest and well literate country then.. UNESCO got the holly epic called RAMAYANA IS ABOUT 10,000 BC.. after the 2500 BC especially after 700 AD it had so many invasions and inter conflicts…and also the bhuthan, nepal, tibet, sri lanka, afghanisthan, bangladesh, mynmar and some part of china was belonged to india till 1947…

  62. zazu says

    SHAME ON U.the first country i mean before Armenia,named on the bible is Ethiopia.the GION rivers from ETHIOPIA.at the first page of z bible ,the bible named it.ethiopia.

  63. Babe face says

    i can say Ethiopia it have a history of more than 5000 years,, and don’t forget the oldest fossil is found in Ethiopia, Ethiopia have the oldest bible in the world, Ethiopia is the oldest nation in the world, even in bible it’s there are 3 rivers that feed the heaven two of them are from Ethiopia like Ghion river the old Ethiopian kingdom used to b called Axum dynasty which uses to rule as far as India that will b including almost the hole Africa , and for those who is saying Egypt in history Ethiopia is refers as the mother of Egypt I mean is there any nation with better proof

  64. Herkules says

    There was a King who has conquered the whole known world in his time, King with a Big Heart, King of a Great Nation, Alexander the Great King of Macedonia.

  65. Artavazd says

    lili the questions is the oldest Nation not the oldest country. So you are wrong. I am Armenian and I know this is the Truth.

    1. Greece
    2. Egypt and Ethopia
    3. Armenia
    4.China

  66. Babe face says

    it’s funny when people mention Egypt as oldest country and not mention Ethiopia, for those who believe in bible Ethiopia was mentioned in old testament many times like the for river which fades the heaven one of is Ghion, Ethiopia is also one of the first country to be christian next to Jerusalem, also the oldest christian bible is found in Ethiopia, and for those who believe in since the oldest fossil called Lucy then not so long they have found older than that in Ethiopia again is found in Ethiopia which dated back to 3.4 million years it might b hard for u guys to believe but the truth Ethiopia is 4500 – 5000 years old

  67. Tim Philipson says

    Armenia would be the oldest. First Europeans, First Christians and First known nation.

  68. arentma says

    “The guy who is talking about Azerbaijan just shut up. Azeribadjag whatever are Iranian tribal people, who are until now undecided whether they are Albanian, Iranian, or Turks. Your country was created by Soviet Union. Before 19th century there were no Azerbaijan mentioned anywhere in the world. Look Roman, Greek Maps made BCE you’ll see Armenia’s teritory. Don’t be stupid”

    Absolutely right.

    Also, Armenia is the only monoethnic ancient nation with a state today. Oldest nation without a doubt.

  69. Mike Smith says

    If we are talking about the oldest nation that still maintains the same language, religion, alphabet and calender than the answer is Israel. Israel cannot be discounted because its land was stolen from them in 70 AD. The Hebrew nation including its time in the Diaspora is 3500 years old and yes they still speak the same language, write in the same alphabet, practice the same religion and use the same calender as 3500 years ago. No other nation on earth can make that claim.

  70. WickedPixels says

    LOL Omar you dumb, japan has been a “nation” since b4 650 A.D. DERP.
    thats just when the imperial courts rose to power. IMO, its probably china, seeing as how they WERE a nation even b4 the emperor aswell and despite lack of evidence im believe they might have been around since atleast 15,000 B.C, they just weren’t as organized and more of them were still wandering rather then being solidated as they were when the VARIOUS froms of government were united into a single nation in 8k B.C.

  71. george says

    I found out that the 0 gene of the wheat was found in Ararat valley. That is enough to say the oldest civilization was formed in the area.

  72. george says

    By the way the oldest Turk is 700 years old and his name was Chengikhan. You can not create history, you build one. Yes the oldest country is Armenia. I would suggest you to read books that have been written at least 60 years ago.

  73. Moa says

    I know Ethiopia is never been colonized and the oldest human body found in my Geography. It should be Ethiopia.

  74. Kent Hoffman says

    The oldest European people has to be the Armenians, since Europeans arrived from Armenia. Oldest nation is between Armenia, Persia aka Iran, Egypt and Ethiopia.

  75. gg says

    For those who say that Armenia is the oldest Christian nation, YES IT IS, but, thats not all. Armenia is also THE OLDEST NATION, because, during the times of Noah when the ark landed on Mount Ararat there was no such thing as Christianity.

  76. Effie Chantzos says

    The Aegean-Greeks existed since thousands of years B.C..The first inhabitants in Greece go back more than 800.000 years…Athens was founded before 9.600 B.C. READ TIMEAUS AND CRITIAS OF PLATO TO KNOW THE TRUTH!

  77. Ozi says

    Ukraine is the oldest country , hitherto the discussion / dispute / debate ends

  78. Anthony Albert says

    Assyria was the first nation to become Christian in 190 AD. Next was Edeesa a city/state, then in 301 AD Armenia became Christian. Also around then, Axxum in Ethiopia became Christian ! Assyria was by far the first Christian nation !

  79. Del Rosa says

    Somewhere near the Caucasian Mountains. The oldest nation on the Caucasian Mountains is Armenia therefore I would have to go with Armenia.

  80. CJ says

    i think you’ll find that antarctica is the worlds oldest independent country

  81. michael davis says

    the oldest country would probably be Armenia, as civilisation started appearing in the caucasus mago, also recany thousands of years ent archeological finds show the oldest stone structures and agricultural revolutions started in the Armenian highland, Proto armenian states started appearing 6 thousand years ago and the Armenian language is thought to be 9 thousand years old, as old or older than the indo – europeans, suggesting they might be the first Indo – Europeans. Armenian highland is proven to be the place of the first civilsation, but that is not the question, question is which country is first, official, the Greek civilsation is 5 thousand years old, but united greece was not untill King philip united greece, making greece as a country only 2,2 thousand years old, Considering this Armenia is still the worlds oldest country.
    other old countries are of course Greece, Assyria, and so on.

  82. Effie Chantzos says

    The oldest nation in the world is in Greece..First inhabitants since 800.000 years ago…BIOLOGY MEETS HISTORY…ATHENS existed more than 14000 years ego!..This earth runs with Greek achievements that were nourishing, and developed over of thousands and thousands of years of her existence, and was giving to the world over and over again.

  83. Tom Filmorne says

    Armenia has the be one of the oldest if not the oldest nation.
    When you look at the spreading of the European people you can clearly see that most Europeans migrated out of Armenia. Noah’s ark landed in Armenia, if you’re a Christian and follow the bible then Armenia is the right answer for you.

  84. Alex says

    I really like the debates between all of you. Armenia may be the source of migration in Europe but It is amazing when people think that Europe was populated before Africa. You can all search the web, libraries and what not, the reality is a country with the oldest human fossils, a country which stood firm for thousands of years, and still standing without any colonization, or being ruled by foreign govt. is Ethiopia. Countries like Armenia were colonized by the Romans, Russians,..; and India was colonized by Britain,..; Egypt was colonized by the Romans, Arabs, Britain,….; need I go on?

    Some Other Facts about Ethiopia –

    > The first African Christian was an Ethiopian – Acts 8:26-39
    > Kicked Europe’s Ass (Italy – lost more than 52% of their troops and returned home with shame) – ( Adwa War – 1896)
    > Played a major role in removing colonialism in Africa (By supporting freedom fighters all over Africa)
    > The first Christian Nation to acknowledge Muslims as brothers and sisters (Introduced co-existence between different religions)
    > Home to some of the most sacred Christian and Muslim icons and places (Like, the Arc of Covenant – For Christians, and a Mosque which is as old as the religion itself and refered as the second mecca – the “Al Nejashi Mesjid”)

    A lot can be said about ETHIOPIA.

  85. Tony says

    Croatia has to be one of the earliest independent European nations/kingdoms (approx 879-925ad) still in existence today! It is in basically the same location, using the same name and using the same national symbols. Its just amazing how this tiny nation has stood the test of time withstanding so many invaders. Text books are slow to recognise this fact.

  86. Navid says

    It’s definitely Iran (Persia), it was established in 3200bc
    according to Wikipedia

  87. Arthur says

    Armenia is the oldest nation still in existence except it had different names such as ararat urartu and hayasa. There were also many seperate armenian knigdoms like cilicia and mittani. And as far as im concerned the ancient predesecors of armenian sholvari and shomu tribes were the oldest civilizations dating back to 6500 bc

  88. Ethiopian says

    I came to this site looking for an answer on “Nationhood”.

    No one has the answer I am looking for. Everyone needs to look up the definition of “Nation” in the dictionary. Including the Phd student.

    Some are talking about Christianity, some about oldest skeleton found, some about the Bible.
    It was too funny actually :-)

  89. Kostas says

    I’m a Greek and I have to say that I did some search for quite some time now, and I have to say that the most ancient nations are

    1) Armenia
    2) Ethiopia
    3) Egypt
    4) Greece
    5) Syria
    6) Persia
    7) China

    These are the most ancient ! Actually the rest of the nations evolved out of these 7 during the course of the years ! This is a fact which cannot be denied by any independent historian or archaeologist !

  90. Djimon says

    The oldest nation in the world is Armenia it is a fact that nobody can change it

  91. raffi sislian says

    Historical facts prove that most ancient surviving people to this date is definitely Armenians,refer to Holy Bible,and all ancient discoveries,maps ,ancient historians notes found so far .I think these are enough to conclude the argument of defining the oldest living people on earth.

  92. Serb says

    Today is 7522. year in Serbian calendar. Serbs are oldest nation in the world, and we measure time from 5508 year B.C. I don’t know any nation which have eldest calendar.

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