Which Women Made Important Medical Discoveries In the Early 1900s?

One woman who made a major contribution to medicine at the turn of the century was Anna Wessel Williams, who developed an important method for diagnosing rabies and a treatment for one variety of the disease diphtheria, which was common among young children at the time.

Other medical detectives included Dorothy Reed Mendenhall, who discovered a way to diagnose Hodgkin’s disease, a form of cancer; Florence Sabin, whose work added to scientists’ understanding of lymph vessels; and Alice Hamilton, who became one of the world’s top authorities on industrial poisons, such as lead.

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